Programming is the process of writing instructions (called code) for a computer and placing it in a file (called a program).

Developing a program involves steps similar to any problem-solving task. There are five main steps in the programming process:

  • Defining the problem — Finding an active problem.
  • Planning the solution — Defining a solution to the problem.
  • Coding the program — Writing the code.
  • Testing the program — Making sure the code works well by debugging and testing.
  • Documenting the program (optional) — Documentation is a written detailed description of the programming cycle and specific facts about the program.
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